At the conclusion of the French and Indian War, the triumphant British took possession of a vast area west of the Appalachians in the Great Lakes region that was replete not only with a lucrative fur trade and endless possibilities for colonization but also hostile Indians with lingering loyalties to their former French allies. British strict regulation of the fur trade and perceived arrogance further fueled their resentment, which exploded in 1763 in the violent, sometimes horrifying tribal reaction known as Pontiac’s Uprising.